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Fast Facts on Croatia:

Area: 56 538 sq. km (about one quarter of Britain)

ATMs: Readily available in towns and transport hubs

Budget: 250Kn per day

Capital: Zagreb

Country Code: +385

Famous for: Neckties, Tito

Language: Croatian

Currency: Croatian Kuna 1US$ = app. 6 HRK
1Euro = app. 7.4 HRK
(2012)

Population: 4.5 million

Time: GMT/UTC +1

 

Croatia

croatia europeCroatia is a Central European country located on the Mediterranean or to be precise Adriatic Sea. (map)

The whole country streches in the form of an arc from the Danube in the northeast to Istria in the west and Dubrovnik Region in the southeast. The capital of Croatia is Zagreb.

The Croatia is known as the land of the thousand islands because of its Adriatic coast which is among the most indented in the world: 1185 islands and islets form a coastline of 4,058 km, the total length of the mainland coast being 1777 km.

If we would to divide Croatia geographically we could do it into three major natural and geographic parts:

The Pannonian and Peri-Pannonian area comprises of lowlands and hilly parts located in the eastern and northwestern Croatia; mountains higher than 500 m are rare and of an insular character.
This is mostly farm area especially Slavonija and Baranja in the east. Humid valleys and the hills are richly afforested while the northwestern part, which gravitates to Zagreb, is industrially developed.

The hilly and mountainous area, separates Pannonian Croatia from its coastal part. This region is charecterized by a intense growth of the already existing wood and timber industry, and the still underexploited potential for the production of healthy food, and winter and rural tourism.

The Adriatic Area includes the narrow coastal belt separated from the hinterland by high mountains. This area is the Croatia's touristic heaven as thousands and thousands of tourists swarm to Croatia to bathe in its warm and crystal clear Adriatic Sea thus the tourist slogan "The Mediterranean as it once was"

Climate of the coastal part is typically Mediterranean, which means, mild winters with dry hot summers, winter temperatures range from 5 to 10C and summer temperatures from 26 to 30C.
Continental part is a bit on a colder side, a typical european continental climate, winter temperatures from -1 to 3C and summer temperatures from 22 to 26C except in the mountainous regions where temperatures range from -5 to 0C in winter time and 15 to 20C in summer time.

Being a country of many natural beauties Croatia has done a lot in order to preserve its beauty and share it with the world so we have many national parks and parks of nature.

Croatia is a parlamentary multyparty democracy with a population of 4.437.460. The largest city is Zagreb with around 750 000 inhabitants.
In teritorial administrative structure there are 20 counties and the Town of Zagreb a standalone administrative unit. In the whole country there are alltogether 121 towns and 416 communities.

Larger cities are: Dubrovnik, Gospic, Karlovac, Osijek, Pula, Rijeka, Slavonski Brod, Sisak, Split, Sibenik, Varazdin, Vukovar, Zadar

The flag of the Republic of Croatia consists of three bands of color red, white and blue with the Croatian coat-of-arms in the center. (flag) (coat of arms)

The Republic of Croatia's national anthem is "Lijepa nasa domovino" ("Our Beautiful Homeland") written by Antun Mihanovic.

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