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Croatian currency: Kuna

The official currency of the Republic of Croatia is the Kuna, which has 100 Lipa. (local abbreviation kn, international abbreviation HRK). 1 Euro is approx 7,4 kunas and 1 USD approx 6 kunas

For more precise information on Kuna exchange rates follow this link to Croatian National Bank Exchange Course

For more info on Croatian numismatic collections, special editions and other useful info visit the page of Croatian National Bank
(only in Croatian but anyway worth the visit)

For info on how to distinct an original banknote from forgery download this short picture guide: download PDF

Short history of Kuna

Back in the Roman times, in provinces of upper and lower Pannonia (today Hungary and Slavonia) taxes were collected in then highly valued marten skins, the animal which lived abundantely in these areas. Hence the Croatian word 'marturina' or tax, derived from Latin word 'martus' (Croatian: 'kuna').

Learn about the animal: Martens

The Origin of the symbol of a Marten on Croatian money

the first kuna coin
Between 1235 and 1384 the Croatian Viceroys started making a marten-adorned silver coin called Banski (Banic) denar or Banovac in mints in Zagreb and Pakrac. This money disappeared with diminishing autonomy of Croatia inside the Croatia-Hungarian Kingdom.

The marten currency, Kuna, reappeared in 1939 when the Banate Croatia, established within the Yugoslav Monarchy, considered issuing its own money. Although the design and plans were made and everything was prepared, this money was never published.
However different design of Kuna was launched in 1941 by the Croatian collaborationist government, abolished with the end of World War II.

Finally, following Croatia's declaration of independence in 1991, Kuna currency was introduced as of 30 May 1994 replacing the Croatian Dinar.

Croatian Kuna coins

croatian currency - 1 lipa coin one lipa coin croatian currency - 50 lipa coin 50 lipa coin
croatian currency - 2 lipa coin 2 lipa coin croatian currency - 1 kuna coin 1 kuna coin
croatian currency - 5 lipa coin 5 lipa coin croatian currency - 2 kuna coin 2 kuna coin
Croatian currency - 10 lipa coin 10 lipa coin croatian currency - 5 kuna coin 5 kuna coin
croatian currency - 20 lipa coin 20 lipa coin croatian currency 25 kuna coin 25 kuna coin

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Croatian Kuna banknotes

croatian currency - 5 kuna bill   croatian currency - 5 kuna bill

Bank note shows Croatian Duke Fran Krsto Frankopan and the Croatian Ban Petar Zrinski. They were Croatian aristocrats and leaders of the movement for emancipation from Vienna. They were both executed in 1671 after their revolt against Vienna failed.

More on Zrinski and Frankopan

 

Keep and the ground plan of Varaždin Castle, 12th-16th century.

 

 

 

Learn about Varaždin

croatian currency - 10 kn bank note   croatian currency - 10 kuna bank note

Portrait of Juraj Dobrila, Bishop of Poreč and Trieste from the 19th century. He was the leader of the Croatian Revival Movement in the battle for Croatian rights in Istria. In one of his first demands to the Istrian Parliament in Poreč, he asked that the Croatian should become the official language along with the Italian language.

 

Arena in Pula, Istria built in the 1st century is one of the six still preserved Roman amphitheaters. Below is a ground plan of the small city of Motovun in Istria

 

Learn about the Arena - Pula

croatian currency - 20 kuna bill   croatian currency - 20 kn bill

Portrait of the Croatian Ban and general Josip Jelačić from the 19th century. He abolished serfdom and defended Croatian autonomy.

 

Life of Ban Jelačić

 

Motif of the castle of Count Eltz in Vukovar and the motif of the dove of Vucedol, an eneolithic ceramic cult vessel in the form of a bird (3rd century b.c.), one of the most beautiful preserved pieces of Vucedol culture.

More on Vučedol Culture

croatian currency - 50 kn bill   croatian currency - 50 kuna bill

Portrait of Ivan Gundulić (1589-1638), the greatest poet of the Croatian Renaissance literature, author of the ode to independence of the Dubrovnik Republic "Oh, beautiful, oh dear, oh sweet freedom!"

 

Ivan Gundulić Liberty Hymn

 

Motif of The City, the old center of the city of Dubrovnik, until 1808 the capital of the independent Republic, today on the UNESCO's World Heritage List.

 

 

croatian currency - 100 kn bank note   croatian currency - 100 kn bill

Portrait of Ivan Mažuranić late 19th century Croatian Ban and poet, who declared Croatian language official and imposed obligatory education. Furthermore, a fragment of the Baška Inscription from the Convent of St. Lucy in Baška on the island of Krk can be seen.

Ban Ivan Mažuranić

 

Motif and a ground plan of the church of St. Vid in Rijeka, patron of the city. The church is specificl for its octagon ground plan (early 17th century)

 

 

Saint Vidus, patron of Rijeka

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croatian currency - 200 kuna bill   croatian currency - 200 kn bill

Portrait of Stjepan Radić (1871-1928), a charismatic Croatian political leader between the two world wars, who was assassinated 1928 in the Yugoslav parliament for speaking his mind and acting against the injustice.

Stjepan Radic

 

Motif of the building of the general headquarters in Osijek, the command for borders of Vojna krajina, as well as the ground plan of the old fortress in Osijek

 

More on Osijek

croatian currency - 500 kunas   croatian money - 500 kunas

Portrait of Marko Marulić (1450-1524), writer and humanist, the father of Croatian literature. In 1501 he wrote the first Croatian epic "Judita".

 

 

About Marko Marulić

 

Diocletian's Palace, Split, a late Roman building from the 3rd century on the UNSECO's World Heritage List. The birthplace of Split, the great Dalmatian capital. Below is the figure of a Croatian ruler from the 11th century.

Split and the Diocletian's Palace

croatian money - 1000 kuna   croatian money - 1000 kuna

Portrait of Ante Stračević, 19th century politician and the foremost advocate of his time for the idea of the Croatian nation.

 

 

Ante Starčević

 

The bill shows the monument to the first Croatian king from 925 Tomislav, located on the Tomislav square and a motif of the front elevation of Zagreb's neogothic cathedral of St. Stephan.

Zagreb Cathedral

Croatian King Tomislav

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